Structural and Energetic Characterizations of Thin Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Using Adsorption Isotherms

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Abstract:

The structural and energetic heterogeneity of thin multi-walled carbon nanotubes (t-MWCNTs) was evaluated from the adsorption of nitrogen and aromatic compounds (benzene, toluene, and m-xylene). The t-MWCNTs was synthesized through the catalytic vapor deposition and characterized by using nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherm and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) analyses. The equilibrium adsorption data of aromatic compounds on t-MWCNTs were measured using gravimetric apparatus at three different temperatures (303.15, 313.15 and 323.15 K) and at pressures up to 4.0 kPa. The temperature dependent Toth isotherm model was employed to correlate the experimental adsorption isotherm data. The isosteric heat of adsorption was calculated from van't Hoff equation using the temperature dependent Toth isotherm parameters. The adsorption energy distributions (AEDs) were calculated from adsorption isotherms data of nitrogen and aromatic molecules to investigate the surface energetic heterogeneity of t-MWCNTs. The results of pore size distributions, isosteric heats of adsorption and AEDs revealed that t-MWCNTs have structurally and energetically heterogeneous surface.

Keywords: ADSORPTION; HETEROGENEITY; THIN MULTI-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES (T-MWCNTS)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2324

Publication date: May 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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