Thermally Grown ZnO Nanosheets for High Efficiency Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Abstract:High efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were fabricated using ZnO nanosheet electrodes. ZnO nanosheets were synthesized on top of fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass using Zn(OAc)2 as a precursor in the gold catalyzed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method at a temperature of 800–900 °C. The synthesized materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and Raman and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. Typical DSSCs with ZnO nanosheets achieved moderately good conversion efficiency of ∼2.12% with short-circuit current density JSC = 3.56 mA/cm2, open-circuit voltage VOC = 0.831 V, and fill factor FF = 71%. The high JSC and are attributed to high dye absorption through high surface ZnO nanosheets, which increased the light harvesting. The lower recombination rate was also observed in the ZnO nanosheet electrodes, resulting in high values of VOC and FF in the DSSCs.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2010
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