The Effect of Nanotubular Titanium Surfaces on Osteoblast Differentiation

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Abstract:

The biological response of fetal rat calvarial cells on a TiO2 nanotubular surface (Ti-NT) was evaluated by cell viability assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. The cell viability assay showed no significant difference between the Ti-NT and smooth titanium surfaces (Ti-S). Ti-NT had better cellular responses with regard to the ALP activity and bone-associated markers, such as bone sialoprotein and osteocalcin mRNA than Ti-S. These results suggest that Ti-NT stimulate the differentiation into osteoblasts of fetal rat calvarial cells, potentially contributing to rapid osseointegration.

Keywords: ANODIZATION; DIFFERENTIATION; NANOTUBE; TITANIUM DIOXIDE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2235

Publication date: May 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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