The Effect of Nanotubular Titanium Surfaces on Osteoblast Differentiation
Abstract:The biological response of fetal rat calvarial cells on a TiO2 nanotubular surface (Ti-NT) was evaluated by cell viability assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. The cell viability assay showed no significant difference between the Ti-NT and smooth titanium surfaces (Ti-S). Ti-NT had better cellular responses with regard to the ALP activity and bone-associated markers, such as bone sialoprotein and osteocalcin mRNA than Ti-S. These results suggest that Ti-NT stimulate the differentiation into osteoblasts of fetal rat calvarial cells, potentially contributing to rapid osseointegration.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2010
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