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Local Structural and Optical Properties of ZnO Nanoparticles

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Abstract:

This study examined the local structural and optical properties of ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) with mean diameters of 4.5 and 70 nm using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements at the Zn K edge and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. EXAFS revealed that the average bond length of atomic pairs in the NPs was shorter than that of the powder. Furthermore, a substantial amount of structural disorder existed in the NPs. From the PL measurements, we observed the direct band gap peak of 3.41 eV from the 70 nm ZnO NPs at low temperatures. This blue shift was related to the structural property changes.

Keywords: EXAFS; NANOPARTICLE; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; QUANTUM CONFINEMENT; STRUCTURE; ZNO

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2334

Publication date: May 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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