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Photocatalytic Degradation of 2,4-Dinitrophenol Using TiO2 in Aqueous Solution

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Abstract:

A new method was developed to synthesize uniform anatase TiO2 nanocrystals by the hydrolysis of titanium tetraisopropoxide in nitric acid–isopropyl alcohol aqueous solutions at 353 K. The samples were characterized by XRD, TEM, FE-SEM, and specific surface area determination. In this work, the photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-dinitrophenol in the presence of TiO2 using ultraviolet (UV) light source was investigated in a batch reactor. The effects of various factors, namely TiO2, pH, temperature and concentration, on the degradation performance of 2,4-DNP were studied. The photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-DNP follows the pseudo-first-order kinetics. In acidic or alkaline conditions, the photocatalytic degradation efficiency of 2,4-DNP was greater than that in neutral conditions. Thermodynamic studies have also been carried out and values of standard free energy (ΔG°), enthalpy (ΔH°) and entropy (ΔS°) were calculated.

Keywords: 2,4-DNP; DEGRADATION; KINETICS; PHOTOCATALYST; TIO2

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2288

Publication date: May 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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