Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of LiFePO4/Carbon Nanocomposites in Polyol Medium

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Abstract:

LiFePO4/Carbon nanocomposites with varying amounts of carbon were synthesized using polyol process without any further heating as a post step. The X-ray diffraction patterns of all samples were indexed on the basis of orthorhombic olivine-type structure. The field emission-TEM images of composites with the amount of 3∼15 wt% carbon showed the average sizes of 45∼80 nm with nanorod shape surrounded by carbon. The initial discharge curves of LiFePO4/Carbon show 166, 157, 142, and 119 mAh/g capacities at a current density of 0.1 mA/cm2 in the voltage range of 2.5–4.2 V, respectively, without capacity fading and excellent cycle retentions during the 20 cycles. Especially, the sample of amount of 3 wt% carbon shows the excellent high rate performances at 15 and 30 C rates with high capacity retention compared with previously reported results of high temperature processed results, due to the existence of conductive agents such as carbon which suppresses particle growth and exhibits improved electronic conductivity and lithium ion diffusivity, simultaneously.

Keywords: LIFEPO4; LITHIUM BATTERIES; NANOCOMPOSITE; OLIVINE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2310

Publication date: May 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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