Characterization and Morphology of Prepared Titanium Dioxide Nanofibers by Electrospinning
Dispersed titanium dioxide in polymer nanofibers were prepared by sol–gel processing and electrospinning techniques using titanium isopropoxide (TiP)/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) solution. The prepared titanium dioxide nanofibers were characterized by FE-SEM, TEM, XRD, and FT-IR. Pure titanium dioxide nanofibers were obtained from calcination of inorganic-organic composite fiber. The diameter of titanium oxide nanofibers were in the range of 70 nm to 150 nm. Prepared titanium dioxide nanofibers show rough surface and rather small diameter compare with TiP/PVP composite nanofibers. After calcined at 500 °C, TiO2 nanofibers convert into anatase and rutile mixed phased from amorphous structure. Calcination of these composite fibers above 600 °C resulted in pure rutile TiO2 nanofbers.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-05-01
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