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Characterization and Morphology of Prepared Titanium Dioxide Nanofibers by Electrospinning

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Dispersed titanium dioxide in polymer nanofibers were prepared by sol–gel processing and electrospinning techniques using titanium isopropoxide (TiP)/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) solution. The prepared titanium dioxide nanofibers were characterized by FE-SEM, TEM, XRD, and FT-IR. Pure titanium dioxide nanofibers were obtained from calcination of inorganic-organic composite fiber. The diameter of titanium oxide nanofibers were in the range of 70 nm to 150 nm. Prepared titanium dioxide nanofibers show rough surface and rather small diameter compare with TiP/PVP composite nanofibers. After calcined at 500 °C, TiO2 nanofibers convert into anatase and rutile mixed phased from amorphous structure. Calcination of these composite fibers above 600 °C resulted in pure rutile TiO2 nanofbers.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-05-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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