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Enhanced Biomolecular Detection Based on Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR) Using Enzyme-Precipitation Reaction

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Abstract:

An enzyme-catalyzed precipitation reaction was employed as a means to increase the change in the LSPR signal after intermolecular bindings between antigens and antibodies occurred on gold nanodot surfaces. The gold nanodot array with an diameter of 175 nm and a thickness of 20 nm was fabricated on a glass wafer using thermal nanoimprint lithography. The human interleukin (hIL) 5 antibody was immobilized on the gold nanodot, followed by binding of hIL 5 to the anti-hIL 5. Subsequently, a biotinylated anti-hIL 5 and a alkaline phosphatase conjugated with streptavidin were simultaneously introduced. A mixture of 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl phosphate p-toluidine (BCIP) and nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) was then used for precipitation, which resulted from the biocatalytic reaction of the alkaline phosphatase on gold nanodot. The LSPR spectra were obtained after each binding process. Using this analysis, the enzyme-catalyzed precipitation reaction on gold nanodots was found to be effective in amplifying the change in the peak wavelength of LSPR after molecular bindings.

Keywords: BIOSENSING; ENZYME-CATALYZED PRECIPITATION; LOCALIZED SURFACE PLASMON; NANODOT; NANOIMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY (NIL)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2266

Publication date: May 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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