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Nanoscale Film Formation of Recombinant Azurin Variants with Various Cysteine Residues on Gold Substrate for Bioelectronic Device

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Nanoscale film fabrication of recombinant azurin variants with various cysteine residues on gold substrate was developed without any surface modification for bioelectronic device. We have modified azurin with different number of cysteine residues at its amino acid chain based on site-directed mutagenesis. The resulting recombinant protein, azurin, retained its original redox property in the same manner as native azurin. Recombinant azurin was immobilized on Au substrate by strong affinity between thiol of cysteine and gold. The orientations of recombinant azurin with various cystein residues immobilized on the Au substrate were analyzed by fluorescence microscope, scanning tunneling microscope, and surface plasmon resonance. Our data revealed that binding activity of recombinant azurin with three cysteine residues on the Au substrate significantly increased in comparison to single residue azurin. Immobilization method of highly oriented recombinant azurin based on cysteine-modification could be useful for the nanoscale film fabrication of nanobiochip.
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Keywords: BIOELECTRONIC DEVICE; FLUORESCENCE MICROSCOPE; METALLOPROTEIN; NANOBIOCHIP; SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPE; SURFACE PLASMON RESONANCE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-05-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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