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Investigation of the Stiffness and Yield Behaviour of Melt-Intercalated Poly(methyl methacrylate)/Organoclay Nanocomposites: Characterisation and Modelling

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Abstract:

The elastic modulus and yield stress behaviour of a melt intercalated Poly(methylmethacrylate)/organoclay (PMMA/C30B and PMMA/C20A) were studied using uniaxial tensile tests at different temperatures and different strain rate. The stress–strain response was obtained for different loading rates and different test temperature. Both the stiffness and the yield stress were then clearly identified as function of strain rate and temperature. Our experimental results show that the yield stress and modulus of both PMMA/C20A and PMMA/C30B organoclay nanocomposites are very sensitive to clay concentration, strain rate and temperature. A micromechanically-based composite approach was used to predict the yield stress of both PMMA/C20A and PMMA/C30B organoclay nanocomposites. The results obtained from the model are in good agreement with our experimental results. As expected, the activation enthalpy of cooperative model increased slightly while the activation volume decreases slightly with the clay concentration.

Keywords: CHARACTERISATION; MODELLING; ORGANOCLAY; PMMA; POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES; YIELD BEHAVIOUR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.1459

Publication date: April 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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