Thermal Effect on Structure Organizations in Cobalt-Fullerene Nanocomposition
Effect of deposition temperature (Ts) on structure of Co-C60 nanocomposite (NC) prepared by simultaneous deposition of cobalt and fullerene on sapphire is presented. The NC structure variations with Ts increasing from room temperature (RT) to 400 °C have been analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Raman spectroscopy. AFM and SEM show granule-like structure of the Co-C60 film. The mixture film deposited at RT includes the hills on the surface suggesting accumulation of internal stress during phase separation. Raman spectra show 25 cm−1 downshift of Ag(2) C60 peak suggesting -Co-C60- polymerization in C60-based matrix of the NC film. Analysis of Raman spectra has revealed existence of amorphous carbon (a-C) in the NC matrix that argues C60 decomposition. The Ts increase to 200 °C causes the surface hills smoothing. In parallel, downshift of the Ag(2) peak decreases to 16 cm−1 that implies more pronounced phase separation and lower -Co-C60- polymerization efficiency. Also, amount of a-C content slightly increases. Further Ts increasing to 400 °C changes the NC structure dramatically. AFM shows evident enlargement of the granules. According to Raman spectra the high Ts deposition yields pronounced C60 decomposition increasing the a-C content. Features of a-C Raman peak imply nucleation of graphitic islands at the NC interfaces. Abundant decomposition of C60 in the mixture film deposited at 400 °C is referred to cobalt catalytic effect.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-04-01
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