Synthesis and Field Emission Properties of Ultra-Nanocrystalline Diamond Fibers and Helices
Abstract:We propose a novel template method for large scale synthesis of Ultra-Nanocrystalline Diamond (UNCD) fibres and helices with lengths of thousands of microns and diameters ranging from 0.5 to 5 m: (i) Large quantities of submicrometer- or nanometer-diameter silica (a-SiO2) nanostructures, with lengths in the order of 2 to 4 mm, were synthesized by Vapor–Liquid–Solid (VLS) method; (ii) UNCD coating of as-synthesized a-SiO2 micro- or nanonanostructures by Microwave Plasma Chemical Vapour Deposition (MPCVD) technique in hydrogen-deficient condition. Electron Field Emission (EFE) of as-synthesized UNCD structures was observed with a threshold field of 3.4 V/m. These micro- or nanostructures may find potential applications in high power electronics, vertical field-effect transistors in vacuum electronics, heat sinks in microelectronics and structural materials in Micro- and Nano-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS/NEMS). The successful preparation of various types of UNCD structures suggests that this templating process can be used for a wide range of materials.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2010
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