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Reducing Ability and Mechanism for Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) in Silver Nanoparticles Synthesis

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Recently, it has been found that polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), a popular stabilizer in nanoparticles syntheses, possesses reducing ability for Ag+. Previous explanations of the reduction are, however, thought to be plausible. Based on detailed characterizations including UV-Vis, FTIR-ATR and XPS, we uncover the existence of Ag+–O interaction, and demonstrate that the Ag+-PVP complex is first formed via the coordination between Ag+ and O in the carbonyl group, which facilitates electron exchange between Ag+ and adjacent N atom on the pyrrolidone ring. The N atoms with lone pair electrons serve as an electron donator, leading reduction of Ag+ to form PVP-capped Ag nanoparticles ultimately.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: April 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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