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Structural and Cathodoluminescence of Sb-Doped SnO2 Nanostructures

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High density Sb-doped SnO2 nanobelts and beak-like nanorods were synthesized on alumina substrates using thermal evaporation. X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern shows that both the nanobelts and beak-like nanorods are single crystals with the tetragonal rutile structure. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images show that the nanobelts grow along the [110] direction, but the nanorods grow with an abrupt change from the [1101] direction to the [301] direction. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis shows that the Sb 3d 3/2 peak of not fully oxidized beak-like nanorods shifts from 540.5 eV to 535.4 eV, and the Sn 3d 3/2 peak also shifts from 496.3 eV to 492.8 eV. Room temperature cathodoluminescence (CL) measurements show that both the nanobelts and beak-like nanorods exhibit blue and orange emissions that are related to the interstitial defects and oxygen deficiencies. The comparative study of CL measurements between nanobelts and beak-like nanorods demonstrate that the optical properties can be modified by altering the oxygen deficiencies.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-04-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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