High density Sb-doped SnO2 nanobelts and beak-like nanorods were synthesized on alumina substrates using thermal evaporation. X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern shows that both the nanobelts and beak-like nanorods are single crystals with the tetragonal rutile structure. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images show that the nanobelts grow along the  direction, but the nanorods grow with an abrupt change from the  direction to the  direction. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis shows that the Sb 3d 3/2 peak of not fully oxidized beak-like nanorods shifts from 540.5 eV to 535.4 eV, and the Sn 3d 3/2 peak also shifts from 496.3 eV to 492.8 eV. Room temperature cathodoluminescence (CL) measurements show that both the nanobelts and beak-like nanorods exhibit blue and orange emissions that are related to the interstitial defects and oxygen deficiencies. The comparative study of CL measurements between nanobelts and beak-like nanorods demonstrate that the optical properties can be modified by altering the oxygen deficiencies.
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