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Preparation and Characterization of Nanoaggregates Self-Assembled by Lithocholic Acid and N-Trimethyl Modified Chitosan Derivatives

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Abstract:

A novel kind of chitosan derivatives (CS-LA-TM) were synthesized by grafting hydrophobic molecules of lithocholic acid (LA) and quaternization. CS-LA-TM and micelle-like self-aggregates were characterized by FTIR, 1H NMR, fluorescence spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The critical micelles concentration (CMC) ranging from 0.009 mg/mL to 0.030 mg/mL decreased with increasing of the degree of substitution (DS) of LA, pH of medium but with decreasing of the degree of quaternization (DQ) of amino groups. The TEM images demonstrated that spherical CS-LA-TM nanoaggregates with uniform size were formed by self-assembly. The sizes (100–200 nm) of CS-LAs-TMs nanoaggregates increased with increasing of DS, DQ, and can be easily controlled by pH of medium, which may confer the nanoaggregates potential as delivery systems for anticancer drugs, or DNA and siRNA.

Keywords: CHITOSAN; LITHOCHOLIC ACID; NANOAGGREGATES; QUATERNIZATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2163

Publication date: 2010-04-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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