Preparation and Characterization of Nanoaggregates Self-Assembled by Lithocholic Acid and N-Trimethyl Modified Chitosan Derivatives
Abstract:A novel kind of chitosan derivatives (CS-LA-TM) were synthesized by grafting hydrophobic molecules of lithocholic acid (LA) and quaternization. CS-LA-TM and micelle-like self-aggregates were characterized by FTIR, 1H NMR, fluorescence spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The critical micelles concentration (CMC) ranging from 0.009 mg/mL to 0.030 mg/mL decreased with increasing of the degree of substitution (DS) of LA, pH of medium but with decreasing of the degree of quaternization (DQ) of amino groups. The TEM images demonstrated that spherical CS-LA-TM nanoaggregates with uniform size were formed by self-assembly. The sizes (100–200 nm) of CS-LAs-TMs nanoaggregates increased with increasing of DS, DQ, and can be easily controlled by pH of medium, which may confer the nanoaggregates potential as delivery systems for anticancer drugs, or DNA and siRNA.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-04-01
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