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CdO/ZnO Core/Shell Nanostructures Grown from Single Molecular Precursors

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Abstract:

Quadrilateral CdO nanoparticles were grown from cadmium cupferronate complex by injecting the precursor dissolved in octylamine into trioctylamine at 220 and 250 °C. CdO/ZnO core/shell structures were synthesized with a method similar to that of growing CdO cores by injecting the shell precursor following the growth of cores. The shell growth temperature was adjusted from 160 to 130 °C, and the shell precursor supply speed was adjusted from 4 to 8 ml/h. The obtained nanostructures were characterized by X-ray diffraction, high resolution transmission electron microscope, and ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer. No core/shell structures formed if the shell precursor injection speed was as high as 8 ml/h. A very thin layer of ZnO shells would form on CdO cores if the shell precursor was injected at a speed of 4 ml/h at temperature of 160 °C, and the shells had good crystal quality. CdO/ZnO core/shell nanostructures were inclined to be spherical, and no homogeneous formation of ZnO nanoparticles was observed if the shell precursor injection temperature was lowered to 130 °C.

Keywords: CDO NANOPARTICLE; CDO/ZNO CORE/SHELL STRUCTURES; GROWTH TEMPERATURE; PRECURSOR SUPPLY SPEED

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2141

Publication date: March 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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