Multifunctional Fe3O4/ZnO Nanocomposites with Magnetic and Optical Properties

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Abstract:

Multifunctional Fe3O4/ZnO nanocomposites were successfully synthesized through two-step solution-based methods. Fe3O4 nanoparticles were used as seeds for the deposit and growth of ZnO nanocrystals. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images, X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) were employed to observe the morphology, size, structure, and crystalline phase of the nanocomposites and confirm their chemical composition. The results of magnetization curves, resonant Raman scattering, and photoluminescence spectra revealed that the nanocomposites simultaneously possessed the superparamagnetism of Fe3O4 and the multiphonon resonant Raman scattering and photoluminescence (PL) properties of ZnO. Compared with that of pure Fe3O4, the saturation magnetization of the Fe3O4 component within the nanocomposites was enhanced. The Raman spectroscopic fingerprint of ZnO component was preserved, and the fluorescent background was efficiently reduced. The interfacial effect was found to play an important role in modulating or improving the properties of the nanocomposites.

Keywords: FE3O4/ZNO NANOCOMPOSITES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; RESONANT RAMAN SCATTERING; SUPERPARAMAGNETISM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2098

Publication date: March 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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