The Synthesis of β-SiC Nanoparticles by High-Energy Mechanical Ball Milling and Their Photoluminescence Properties
We succeeded in the synthesis of single-phase β-SiC nanoparticles via simple and low-cost high-energy mechanical ball milling of a silicon and graphite mixture at ambient temperature. The synthesis products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED). The results show that starting graphite and silicon mixture reacted completely into β-SiC nanoparticles with an average grain size of ∼8 nm after being milled for 20 h, and the grain size gradually decreased as milling time increased from 20 to 60 h but remained basically unchanged above 60 h. The agglomeration problem of the β-SiC nanoparticles synthesized by ball milling was resolved to a great extent by the introduction of 2 wt% NH4Cl to the initial Si–C mixture. Under 325 nm excitation, a stable and intensive broad emission peak at 387 nm was observed in the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of the synthetic nanoparticles, and this emission shows an obvious blueshift of bandgap.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-03-01
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