Valence-Change of Eu and Its Effects on the Luminescent Properties of Sr2MgSi2O7:Eu,Dy
Abstract:Long afterglow phosphors of Sr2MgSi2O7:Eu,Dy were prepared by high temperature solid state reaction in oxidation atmospheres, and then were treated sequentially in reducing atmosphere → oxidation atmosphere → reducing atmosphere. The crystal structure of the samples was investigated by using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). The measurements of the photoluminescence and the thermoluminescence properties suggest the difference in the luminescent properties between Eu2+ and Eu3+. Eu3+ ions occupy two different sites, and their emission spectra consist of four discrete line spectra, due to the 5D0 → 7F1 (590 nm), 5D0 → 7F2 (618 nm), 5D0 → 7F4 (703 nm) and the 5D2 → 7F3 (510 nm) transitions. But in contrast, the emission spectrum of Eu2+ is characteristic of a broadband spectrum due to the 4f7 → 4f6 5d1 transition. The luminescence of Sr2MgSi2O7:Eu2+,Dy3+ displays both higher intensity and longer decay than that of Sr2MgSi2O7:Eu3+,Dy3+. The emissions from Dy3+ are detected in all samples, indicating that Dy3+ ions act not only the trap center but also the luminescence center in the host lattice of Sr2MgSi2O7.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-03-01
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