Synthesis and Spectral Characterization of EuPO4 and LaPO4:Eu Nanorods
Abstract:Monoclinic monazite-type EuPO4 and LaPO4:Eu nanorods were synthesized by a microemulsion-assisted solvothermal method. Their morphologies, structures, and fluorescent properties were characterized by SEM, XRD, and photoluminescence (PL) modern analytic means, respectively. The aspect ratios of EuPO4 and LaPO4:Eu nanorods have a decreasing tendency with increasing carbon chain length of assisted surfactants. When the assisted surfactant was n-butyl alcohol, the EuPO4 exhibited nanorod morphology with diameters from 20 to 30 nm and lengths from 100 to 150 nm. When the assisted surfactant was n-pentanol, the EuPO4 nanorods had lengths between 200 and 300 nm and a diameter range similar to that of the n-butyl alcohol nanorods. When the assisted surfactant was n-hexanol and n-octyl alcohol, only elliptical EuPO4 products were obtained. The LaPO4:Eu nanorods synthesized in the presence of different assisted-surfactants exhibited elliptical morphologies with diameters of 40–60 nm and lengths of 70–110 nm. The LaPO4:Eu and EuPO4 nanorods showed a orange prominent emission peak from magnetic-dipole transition 5D0 → 7F1 (593 nm) of Eu3+ ions whose sites in the EuPO4 and LaPO4:Eu nanorods have C1 symmetry. Compared with bulk LaPO4:Eu, the fine structure of the Eu–O charge transfer band has very small red shift resulting from the slight increase of the length of Eu–O bond due to nanoscale size effect.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2010
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