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Sensitized Luminescence of Sm3+,Eu3+-Codoped TiO2 Nanoparticles

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Sm3+,Eu3+-codoped TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by a facile sol–gel-solvothermal method. Sm3+ and Eu3+ were successfully incorporated into a TiO2 lattice and resulted in intense emission lines with resolved crystal-field splitting, in spite of a large mismatch in ionic radius between trivalent lanthanides (Ln3+) and Ti4+. The intense sensitized emissions of Sm3+ and Eu3+ ions by TiO2 host were obtained at room temperature. In this case, Sm3+ also acts as a bridge to transfer energy from TiO2 host to Eu3+ ions, which was not observed in Eu3+-doped TiO2 nanoparticles. In comparison with direct excitation of lanthanide ions, the luminescence lifetimes of 4G5/2 of Sm3+ and 5D0 of Eu3+ were observed to be significantly prolonged upon excitation above TiO2 band-gap. A sensitization mechanism to illustrate the energy transfer from TiO2 to Sm3+ and Eu3+ was proposed based on the optical behaviors of the codoped nanoparticles.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2010-03-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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