Skip to main content

Growth and Characterization of Self-Assembled InAs/InP Quantum Dot Structures

Buy Article:

$113.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

InAs quantum dots (QDs) are grown on InP or lattice matched GaInAsP buffers using horizontal flow metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) at a pressure of 180 mbar. A range of techniques, such as photoluminescence (PL), atomic force microscopy, and plan-view transmission electron microscopy is used to characterize the QD and other semiconductor layers. The effects of different growth parameters, such as V/III ratio and growth time, and the effects of buffer layers, interlayers, and cap layers are investigated and the optimized growth conditions are discussed. In the case of the QDs grown on InP buffers, the As/P exchange reaction is found to be prominent. A very thin (0.6 nm) GaAs interlayer grown between the buffer and the QD layers consumes segregated indium and minimizes the As/P exchange reaction. As a result, the QD PL emission energy increases, the PL intensity improves, and the PL linewidth decreases. The experimental results show that by changing the thickness of a GaAs interlayer (0.3–0.6 nm), the emission wavelength/energy of the QDs grown on a lattice matched GaInAsP buffer can be tuned over a wide range covering 1550 nm. However, further increase in the thickness of the GaAs interlayer results in the agglomeration of the QDs and the deterioration of the QD optical properties. Detailed microscopy studies show that capped QDs have higher density and are smaller in size on average compared to uncapped QDs, which undergo coalescence during cooling of the sample after growth. Overall, the QDs grown for shorter time with a smaller V/III ratio (∼8) show improved PL intensity and narrower PL linewidth.

Keywords: GROWTH OF SELF-ASSEMBLED QUANTUM DOTS; INAS/INP QUANTUM DOTS; MOCVD; OPTICAL PROPERTIES

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2024

Publication date: March 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
asp/jnn/2010/00000010/00000003/art00010
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more