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Optical Absorption Spectra in Finite Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

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Abstract:

The tight-binding model and the modified gradient approximation are, respectively, used to calculate the electronic states and optical properties of finite double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs). The optical absorption spectra allow us to decompose the total DWCNT spectral function into the contributions from the inner and outer walls. Intertube interactions can cause drastic changes in the symmetry of the electronic states, the Fermi level, the energy spacing, and the state degeneracy. Such effects are directly reflected in the joint density of states and optical absorption spectra. Thus, the first absorption peaks of the energy degeneracy (nondegeneracy) of two finite single-walled carbon nanotubes would be separated into three or four peaks in the shorter DWCNTs. For finite armchair DWCNTs, the number of the first group peaks decreases as the length increases. These results demonstrate a competition between the tube length, the intertube interactions, and the geometric structures. For finite zigzag DWCNTs however, the number of the first group peaks remains constant as the length increases. This phenomenon can be attributed to the states exclusively localized at the outermost zigzag positions. The energies of the peaks make a red-shift as the tube length increases. For sufficiently long DWCNTs absorption peak energies are almost independent of length.

Keywords: DOUBLE-WALLED; ELECTRONIC PROPERTIES; FINITE CARBON NANOTUBES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.1796

Publication date: January 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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