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Microwave Irradiation of Pristine Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Vacuum

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Abstract:

The goal of the present paper was to study the behavior of commercially available pristine multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) under microwave irradiation (exposures up to 200 s) in vacuum, by means of several experimental techniques. An intense glow and heating of the nanotube samples were observed. Raman spectra, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) images of the processed nanotubes did not show considerable changes as compared to those for pristine MWNTs. Closer structural investigation by means of conventional and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM and HRTEM, respectively) revealed an increase in the occurrence of open nanotube ends, whereas the sidewalls remained generally unchanged. The possibility of increase in the number of entry ports for gases was verified by employing temperature programmed desorption experiments with mass spectrometric detection (TPD-MS) with pristine and microwave-irradiated MWNTs exposed to atmosphere. The overall adsorption capacity did not change, whereas the rate of adsorption increased roughly by twice for the nanotubes irradiated for 200 s as compared to pristine MWNTs, which is consistent with selective opening of the nanotube ends.

Keywords: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; GAS ADSORPTION/DESORPTION; MICROWAVE IRRADIATION; MULTI-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES; PRISTINE; VACUUM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.1745

Publication date: 2010-01-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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