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Anisotropic Shape Evolution of Large-Size Cu Nanocrystals Prepared in Nonionic Microemulsion Media

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Abstract:

We report the anisotropic shape evolution of colloidal copper nanocrystals (Cu NCs) in nonionic microemulsion media by adopting tetraethylammonium hydroxide as a reactant and capping agent in water phase. Relatively large-size Cu NCs were synthesized to confine the growth of Cu NCs below 100 nm. TEM images showed the triangular and hexagonal morphologies of Cu NCs ranging over 55–70 nm after 28 h, while they showed the spherical NCs dominantly under higher concentration of a reducing agent. The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorption band of anisotropic Cu NCs was centered at 571 nm with signal enhancement over time. The formation kinetics revealed that the gradual conversion of the Cu seeds into larger NCs during 28 h at room temperature. The NCs were characterized to be Cu rather than CuO or Cu2O by electron diffraction patterns, exhibiting relevant d-spacing figures consistent with the bulk Cu crystal.

Keywords: ANISOTROPIC; COPPER; MICROEMULSION; NANOCRYSTALS

Document Type: Short Communication

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.1532

Publication date: January 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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