Solvothermal Synthesis of Fe-MOF-74 and Its Catalytic Properties in Phenol Hydroxylation

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A Fe-containing metal-organic framework, Fe-MOF-74, was solvothermally synthesized using FeCl2 · 4H2O and 2,5-di-hydroxy-1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid. Characterization was conducted by XRD, BET surface area measurement, FT-IR spectroscopy, TGA, and elemental analysis, which confirmed successful preparation of Fe-MOF-74 having an identical framework structure to that reported for MOF-74. Fe-MOF-74 was found to be an effective heterogeneous catalyst for the hydroxylation of phenol using H2O2 as an oxidant; 60% phenol conversion was achieved at 20 °C in water with 68 and 32% selectivity to catechol and hydroquinone, respectively. The effect of temperature, phenol/H2O2 mole ratio, catalyst quantity, and solvent on catalytic performance was discussed, and a reaction mechanism is proposed based upon the experimental results.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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