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Pyridine-2,4-Dicarboxylate: A Versatile Building Block for the Preparation of Functional Coordination Polymers

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The hydrothermal reaction of the pyridine-2,4-dicarboxylate (2,4-pdc) dianion with various 3d metal(II) cations resulted in the formation of a series of one-, two- and three-dimensional coordination polymers with varied network topologies. 2,4-pdc reacted directly with MnCl2 or FeCl2 in water at 200 °C under mild basic conditions to give a dense three-dimensional polymer, [M(2,4-pdc)] (M = Mn, 1a; M = Fe, 1b), which supports a highly-connected three-dimensional magnetic exchange lattice. Both 1a and 1b undergo antiferromagnetic ordering and the latter Fe(II)-containing material exhibited spin-canting behavior below 6.5 K. Reaction of 2,4-pdc with CoCl2 under identical conditions gave an unusual zigzag chain polymer, [Co4(2,4-pdc)4(OH2)10](2), that has large amounts of coordinated H2O. The magnetism of 2 based on isolated Co(II) dimers was modeled using a modified van Vleck approach. Adjustment of the reaction pH resulted in the formation of additional Co(II)-containing materials with strongly contrasting structures: at lower pH in the presence of oxalic acid, the same reaction components gave a protonated molecular species, [Co(2,4-pdcH)2(OH2)2]·2H2O (3); at higher pH in the presence of excess hydroxide, a highly porous, three-dimensional material was obtained, [Co3(μ 3-OH)2(2,4-pdc)2]·9H2O (4a). 4a contains cobalt hydroxide chains, whose magnetic behavior has been studied in detail by neutron diffraction. A Ni(II)-containing analogue was also prepared using NiCl2 (4b), which shows weak antiferromagnetic coupling. Attempts to obtain a Zn(II)-based analogue of the porous material 4 gave instead a unique coordination material, [Zn(μ 2-OH)2(2,4-pdc)] (5), which contains uncommon zinc hydroxide bridging modes.
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Keywords: GAS STORAGE AND SEPARATION; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; MAGNETISM; METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORK; POWDER NEUTRON DIFFRACTION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2010

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