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Synthesis and Properties of Quantum Dot-Polypyrrole Nanotube Composites for Photovoltaic Application

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Abstract:

A novel method for the fabrication of polypyrrole nanotubes (PPyNTs) possessing quantum dots (QDs) was developed for optoelectronic devices. PbSe QDs were effectively attached to the thiolated PPyNT-SH without affecting the dispersion stability of QDs and hence ensuring their homogeneous distribution in the polymer. Transmission electron microscopic images showed a large number of PbSe QDs absorbed in PPyNT-SH. The polymer nanotube composites were also investigated for the application of photovoltaic cells. An open circuit voltage (V oc) of 0.45 V and short-circuit photocurrent density (l sc) of 2.4 μA cm−2 were found in P3HT/PPyNT-PbSe polymeric solar cells. Further optimization will be provided by changing various parameters and conditions.

Keywords: CONDUCTING POLYMERS; PBSE QUANTUM DOTS; PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS; POLYPYRROLE NANOTUBES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.1640

Publication date: December 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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