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Porous Anisotropic Metal Nanostructures Through Controlled Transmetallation Across a Dialysis Membrane

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Abstract:

Nanostructured metals with hollow interiors are of technological importance due to their unique optoelectronic properties and enhanced surface area. We describe herein, a novel method for the synthesis of anisotropic gold and palladium nanoparticles through a simple galvanic replacement reaction across a semi-permeable dialysis membrane. The control over the reaction kinetics achieved by the presence of membrane enables one to tune the bimetal composition, particle porosity and morphology. Rapid outward diffusion of silver ions generated from the sacrificial silver nanoparticles even at room temperatures prevents the precipitation of high quantities of silver chloride, thereby circumventing the need for product purification. The porous anisotropic nanostructures have potential applications in catalysis, cell imaging and therapeutics.

Keywords: AG/PD NANOSTRUCTURES; ANISOTROPIC NANOPARTICLES; DIALYSIS; GALVANIC REPLACEMENT; POROUS NANOSTRUCTURES; SILVER NANOTRIANGLES; SILVER NANOWIRES; TRANSMETALLATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.1350

Publication date: 2009-11-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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