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Photoconductive Properties of Selenium Nanowire Photodetectors

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Abstract:

Selenium nanowires with a diameter of about 70 nm and a growth direction along [001] were fabricated via a facile solution method. Photoconductive properties of Se wires were systematically characterized via photodetectors made of single Se nanowire. The photodetectors exhibited a high light on-off current ratio (Ilight/Idark) of 450, and a fast light response speed of millisecond rise/fall time with excellent stability and reproducibility. It was also observed that the response time strongly depend on the intensity of the illumination light: the rise time and fall time for a typical photodetector is 0.68/1.85, 0.53/1.70, 0.54/1.65, 0.51/1.59, and 0.49/1.58 ms for light intensity of 0.18, 0.26, 0.43, 0.96, and 1.89 mW/cm2, respectively, and the relationship between the light intensity and the photocurrent can be fitted by using a simple power law. The diameters of the nanowire were found to have a significant influence on the response speed with smaller Se nanowires showing higher response speed. Finally, the mechanisms of photoconduction and factors affecting the performance of the photodetectors were elucidated.

Keywords: PHOTOCONDUCTIVITY; PHOTODETECTOR; RESPONSE TIME; SELENIUM NANOWIRES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.1468

Publication date: November 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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