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The Diels-Alder Cycloaddition Reaction in the Functionalization of Carbon Nanofibers

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Abstract:

Carbon nanofibres were functionalized by a Diels-Alder cycloaddition reaction of 1,3-butadiene, generated in situ from sulfolene. The experimental conditions were selected on the basis of a differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) study on the reagents and the functionalization was confirmed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Analysis performed on the surface of the functionalized material by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and FT-IR using the Attenuated Total Reflectance (ATR) technique indicates that the carbonyl and sulfoxide groups are present on the surface of the functionalized material. The acidic surface of the functionalized nanofiber suggests the presence of carboxylic acid and possibly sulfonic acid groups.

Keywords: CARBON NANOFIBRE; CHEMICAL FUNCTIONALIZATION; SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.1565

Publication date: 2009-10-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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