Comparison Between Early Stage Oxygenation Behavior of Fullerenes andCarbon Nanotubes

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Abstract:

We explore early stage oxygen addition to C60 buckminsterfullerene, and compare its oxygenation behavior to that of both pristine and defective metallic carbon nanotubes, using ab initio theoretical modeling. For fullerene oxygen addition up to C60O4, in general oxygenation preferentially occurs at the pentagon–hexagon bonds ([5,6] type addition), leading to open annulene structures, as opposed to the closed [6,6] epoxide isomers. For carbon nanotubes the preference for annulene structures is significantly more pronounced as all epoxide addition is endothermic. Higher reaction enthalpies are found for oxidation in the proximity of defects as compared to the pristine sidewalls. In most cases higher reaction enthalpies are found for fullerene oxygenation as compared to carbon nanotubes.

Keywords: AB INITIO THEORETICAL MODELING; CARBON NANOTUBE; FULLERENE; OXYGENATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.1577

Publication date: October 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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