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Induced Secondary Structure in Nanostructured Films of Poly(p-phenylene vinylene)

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The control of emission properties in luminescent polymers such as poly(p-phenylene vinylene) (PPV) is important for various applications, and may be achieved with suitable molecular architectures in nanostructured films. This paper reports on optical properties of PPV films, using ellipsometry measurements for emitted light in the scope of the Stokes' theory. Organized PPV films obtained with the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) method exhibited high degree of polarization for the emitted light, while cast films emitted mainly non-polarized light. From ellipsometry data, a secondary structure was inferred for poly(xylylidene tetrahydrothiophenium) chloride (PTHT), a PPV precursor, in solution, which is retained only to a small extent in the PPV cast film as thermal conversion was performed close to the glass transition temperature of PPV. On the other hand, a higher intensity of emitted light with circular polarization was observed for the LB film, which is attributed to PPV molecular secondary structure that was enhanced during the LB film deposition. Circular dichroism experiments were performed to corroborate this hypothesis. It is suggested that such a secondary structure has not been predicted in theoretical models for PPV because possible conformational changes induced in the processing steps are not taken into account.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: October 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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