Synthesis of Carbon Nanotube Through Sonochemical Process Under Ambient Conditions

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Abstract:

A sonochemical method was used to synthesize carbon nanotube (CNT) in the presence of dichlorobenzene and ZnCl2 under ambient conditions. Structural characterizations were carried out using Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) which confirmed successful formation of CNT. Thermogravimetric analysis shows reduction in amorphous carbon with increase in the sonication period. Morphological studies using field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) and High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) reveals the formation of combination of single and multiwall carbon nanotubes. The electronic band structural characterization using Ultra violet–visible-near infrared spectroscopy (UV–Vis/NIR) confirms the existence of metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes.

Keywords: CARBON NANOTUBES; HR-TEM; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; SONOCHEMICAL METHOD; XRD; ZNCL2

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.1246

Publication date: October 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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