Magnetic Studies of CoFe2O4/SiO2 Aerogel and Xerogel Nanocomposites
The evolution of the structural and magnetic properties of nanocomposites formed by cobalt ferrite particles dispersed in xerogel and aerogel silica matrices (CoFe2O4/SiO2 have been studied as a function of the temperature of preparation and the amount of ferrite dispersed in the matrix. Wet samples with different amounts of CoFe2O4 in SiO2 matrix were prepared by sol–gel process in monolithic form. Xerogel and aerogel samples were prepared by controlled and hypercritical drying, respectively, and heated at various temperatures between 300 and 1100 °C. Superparamagnetic behavior has been observed by magnetization studies at room temperature for xerogels prepared at low temperature. Aerogel samples showed significant superparamagnetic fractions for all thermal treatment temperatures as determined by Mössbauer spectroscopy. Magnetization of the nanocomposites at 10 KOe applied field varied from 1 to 19 emu/g and the coercivity from 90 to 2320 Oe, respectively, for the different morphologies and textures of the analyzed material. The results show that besides the magnetization and coercivity depend on crystallite size, parameters such as ferrite content, porosity and drying conditions greatly influence the nanocomposite magnetic behavior.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-10-01
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