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Effect of Carbon Nanotubes and Processing Methods on the Properties of Carbon Nanotube/Polypropylene Composites

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Abstract:

The effect of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and processing methods on the morphological, crystalline, dynamic mechanical, mechanical and electrical properties of MWCNT/polypropylene (PP) composites has been investigated by using field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), tensile and electric conductivity tests. The MWCNTs have been functionalized covalently and noncovalently for better dispersion in the PP matrix. A homogeneous dispersion of MWCNTs was achieved in the PP matrix as evidenced by scanning electron microscopy. Differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) results confirmed that the incorporation of the MWCNTs effectively enhanced the crystallization of the PP matrix through heterogeneous nucleation. The glass transition temperature increased from 8 °C for the pure PP to 26 °C for the composite with 10 wt% MWCNT–COOH. The present investigation revealed that the mechanical, thermal as well as electrical properties of carbon nanotubes filled polymer composites were strongly dependent on the state of dispersion, mixing and processing methods.

Keywords: CARBON NANOTUBE; CRYSTALLIZATION; DISPERSION; FUNCTIONALIZATION; MECHANICAL PROPERTY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.1236

Publication date: October 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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