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Effect of Polyelectrolyte Nanocoating on the Performance and Durability of Cellulose Electro-Active Paper Actuator

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Abstract:

The effect of Polyelectrolyte nanocoating on a cellulose electro-active paper (EAPap) was investigated to improve the actuator performance and durability of EAPap actuators. Nanocoatings of Poly(styrenesulfonate) (PSS) and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)–poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT–PSS) were carried out by immersing cationized cellulose films in to aqueous solutions of PSS and PEDOT:PSS. 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride was used as cationic reactant. UV-visible spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis showed the successful build up of PSS and PEDOT:PSS nanolayers over the cationized cellulose films. Results revealed that, nanocoating not only improved the durability of the actuators but it also greatly reduced (90%) the energy consumption of the actuators. Preparation, characterization and performance test of the actuators are explained.

Keywords: BENDING ACTUATOR; CELLULOSE; ELECTRO-ACTIVE POLYMERS; NANOCOATING; PEDOT:PSS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.1241

Publication date: 2009-10-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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