A Study on the Effects of Three Types of Deflocculants and the Increase in the pH on the Rheological Behavior of Nano Carbon Suspensions
In this study, the rheological behavior of carbon black suspension with different amounts of three deflocculants (Dispex G40, Dispex N40 and CMC) has been investigated. As the rheological behavior of carbon black is markedly dependent on pH, the effect of the increase in pH has been studied. Dispex G40 and Sodium carboxymethycellulose (CMC), are effective in promoting complete deflocculation of carbon black suspensions with 20, 30 and 40 wt% solids concentrations for Dispex G40, and 40 wt% for CMC. 40 wt% suspensions containing Dispex N40 exhibit a yield stress at all levels of deflocculant investigated. However, a minimum in the extrapolated yield stress and apparent viscosity curve indicates that there is an optimum deflocculation level. The addition of alkali enhances the deflocculating power of CMC and Dispex G40, reducing any existing yield stress to zero. However, it would appear that Dispex N40 is desorbed when the pH is increased as rapid coagulation of the system is apparent, arising from a reduction in the repulsive forces.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-07-01
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