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A Study on the Effects of Three Types of Deflocculants and the Increase in the pH on the Rheological Behavior of Nano Carbon Suspensions

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Abstract:

In this study, the rheological behavior of carbon black suspension with different amounts of three deflocculants (Dispex G40, Dispex N40 and CMC) has been investigated. As the rheological behavior of carbon black is markedly dependent on pH, the effect of the increase in pH has been studied. Dispex G40 and Sodium carboxymethycellulose (CMC), are effective in promoting complete deflocculation of carbon black suspensions with 20, 30 and 40 wt% solids concentrations for Dispex G40, and 40 wt% for CMC. 40 wt% suspensions containing Dispex N40 exhibit a yield stress at all levels of deflocculant investigated. However, a minimum in the extrapolated yield stress and apparent viscosity curve indicates that there is an optimum deflocculation level. The addition of alkali enhances the deflocculating power of CMC and Dispex G40, reducing any existing yield stress to zero. However, it would appear that Dispex N40 is desorbed when the pH is increased as rapid coagulation of the system is apparent, arising from a reduction in the repulsive forces.

Keywords: CARBON BLACK; CMC; DEFLOCCULANT; DISPEX G40; DISPEX N40; NANO CARBON; YIELD STRESS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.M85

Publication date: July 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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