Direct Fluorination of Carbon Nanocones and Nanodiscs

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This work focuses on the reactivity of carbon nanodiscs and nanocones with respect to pure fluorine gas. The starting materials, as-synthesized without post-treatment, consist of a mixture of nanodiscs (∼70% w/w), nanocones (∼20% w/w) and amorphous carbons (∼10% w/w). In order to investigate their reactivity in pure F2 gas, two experiment sets have been performed: (i) in situ Thermo Gravimetric Analysis under diluted F2 and relative F2 pressure measurements, which highlight the temperature domain for an efficient fluorination, and then, allow the fluorination conditions to be optimized; (ii) the fluorination under pure F2 gas was performed at temperatures ranged between room temperature and 450 °C. Ex situ characterization was carried out using 13C and 19F solid state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Scanning Electron Microscopy. For the low reaction temperature (up to 300 °C), the chemical stability of these kinds of nanocarbons prevents from intensive fluorination. On the other hand, at temperature higher than 300 °C, the fluorination is important but competes with the material decomposition. The fluorination mechanism has been established taking into account NMR and SEM data.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: July 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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