Measuring the Magnetization of Nano Ferro-Fluid with D.C Electromagnetic Application
Abstract:A new electromagnetic measuring technology of smaller size, simple structure and high efficiency was proposed in this study. Based on the ferrohydrodynamics (FHD) theory with the absence of viscous effect, the device, independent to the geometry of electro-magnetism, was set up to determine the magnetization of ferrofluid containing magnetite microcrystals of 10∼100 nm size. To strengthen the magnetic intensity, a soft iron was placed across the solenoid of about 2,800 turns, and operated at a DC voltage of 10 V∼30 V. The magnetic intensity in this radial component had been found to be most active at this specific setting, which significantly influenced the hydrodynamics of the ferrofluid. With the rise of the liquid, caused by the action of the radial magnetic field, the permeability ratio of ferrofluid at about 1.32∼1.24 could be successfully estimated by the FHD Bernoulli equation. If compared with the experimental data of 1.27, given by Matsumoto Yushi-Seiyaka Co., the relative errors are no more than 5%.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-07-01
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