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Formulation and Characterization of a Covalently Coated Magnetic Nanogel

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Abstract:

The aim of this study was to develop a novel method to encapsulate magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) with polymer via covalent bonding, in order to increase the magnetic nanoparticle stability and ease the synthesis process. In this technique, silane coated MNPs act as a template for polymerization of the monomer N-isopropylacrylamide, (NIPA) via radical polymerization. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy indicated the size of the original MNP was approximately 10 nm, the silane-coated MNP was 40 nm and the NIPA silane-coated MNP was 100 ± 10 nm. Chemical composition and chemical state analysis of NIPA MNPs by FTIR and XPS showed that the MNPs were actually encapsulated by silane and NIPA. Furthermore, the magnetic properties of different layers on the MNP, analyzed by SQUID, indicated a decrease in saturation magnetization for each layer. The results demonstrate the feasibility of encapsulation of the MNP with NIPA by means of silane covalent bonding. Future work will investigate the phase transition and biocompatibility properties of the NIPA-coated MNP for drug delivery and tissue engineering applications.

Keywords: DRUG DELIVERY APPLICATIONS; MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES; TEMPERATURE-SENSITIVE POLYMERS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.M21

Publication date: July 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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