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Electrochemical Performance of Calcium Cobaltite Nano-Plates

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Abstract:

The use of nanostructured materials in Li-ion batteries is desirable from the point of view of achieving enhanced performance, due to the shorter Li-ion diffusion distance and the small dimensional changes upon cycling. Herein, the nanocrystalline calcium cobaltite (Ca3Co4O9) powders were prepared by the Pechini process. The obtained nano-plate powders have a thickness of the order of 10–50 nm and a diameter of around 300 nm. We investigated the electrochemical properties of Ca3Co4O9 as a potential new anode material with high capacity for Li-ion batteries. In addition, the mechanism of Li reactivity was successfully explained using high resolution transmission electron microscopy. The full reduction of Ca3Co4O9 by lithium leads to the destruction of crystal structure and subsequent formation of a nanocomposite electrode containing Co, Li2O, CaO, and a polymeric layer. The inactive CaO matrix is expected to mitigate the aggregation of the Co nanoparticles on continued cycling, thereby improving the capacity retention.

Keywords: CA3CO4O9; LI-ION BATTERIES; NANO-PLATES; NANOCOMPOSITE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.M10

Publication date: July 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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