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Investigation of Structural Transition of dsDNA on Various Substrates Studied by Atomic Force Microscopy

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Abstract:

Structural transition of single dsDNA molecule which is immobilized on 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) treated substrate (APTES/substrate) or alkylthiol treated substrate (alkylthiol/substrate) has been investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The obtained force versus distance (FD) curves are used to dissect the transition from B-form to S-form, the melting from double stranded (ds) to single stranded (ss) DNA, and its Young's modulus as well as persistence length. The melt from dsDNA to ssDNA is evidenced by fitting with freely jointed chain (FJC) model. FJC fit and Young's modulus or persistence length values when the molecules are fixed on alkylthiol/substrate are more agreeable with other studies than those on APTES. We have clarified the different results of those experiments by analyzing the binding force between DNA molecules and APTES or alkylthiol linkers on the substrate. The DNA binding to APTES linker is much stronger than that on alkylthiol/substrate.

Keywords: AFM; ALKYLTHIOL; APTES; BINDING FORCE; DSDNA ELASTICITY; MOLECULAR STRETCH

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.007

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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