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Ultra-Stable Nanoparticles in AIIBVI (AII = Cd, Zn; BVI = S, Se, Te) Compounds

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Abstract:

Laser ablation on binary AIIBVI compounds exhibits in time-of-flight mass spectra abundant peaks at stoichiometric (AIIBVI)n with n = 13, 19, 33 and 34 measured on bulk powders of CdSe, CdS, CdTe, ZnS and ZnSe. Investigation on solution grown nanometer size particles of CdSe shown an existence of ultra-stable stoichiometric clusters (CdSe)13, (CdSe)19, (CdSe)33, (CdSe)34 and (CdSe)48. This set of n has not been predicted as particularly stable particles in previous bulk fragment models based on either zinc-blende or wurtzite, and a different type of structures is required to explain our experimental results. Present investigation shows that nanoparticles formed in vacuum as magic numbers above are found in solution as preferentially grown species in CdSe, and possibly in other AIIBVI. It is suggested that the high stability of the observed magic clusters originates from their specific structure as endohedral binary fullerenes, supposedly. These molecular-like particles composed of few tens of atoms lie between atom and solid, and exhibit novel materials functions not realizable in the bulk.

Keywords: CLOSED SHELL; ENDOHEDRAL STRUCTURE; II-VI COMPOUND NANOPARTICLES; MAGIC NUMBERS; MASS SPECTRA

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.433

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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