Magnetic Properties of Nanoparticles Obtained by Different Chemical Routes
Abstract:It is well known that nano-sized materials often present chemical, electronic, magnetic, and mechanical properties that are potentially interesting for many technological applications comparatively to their corresponding bulk properties. This paper describes the main differences in magnetic properties among nanomagnetite powders prepared by three methods: (I) reduction–precipitation of ferric chloride by reaction with Na2SO3; (II) reduction of hematite with coal, and (III) reduction of hematite with hydrogen gas. The obtained materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), saturation magnetization measurements, and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Saturation magnetization values varied from 60 to 86 J T−1 kg−1. XRD and Mössbauer spectroscopy results at 298 K showed the clear effect of the preparation routes on the crystallographic structure and crystallite size of the magnetic species. Magnetite was formed in varying proportions in all samples, with crystallite sizes estimated by Scherrer formula of about 10, 26, and 33 nm for samples prepared by methods (I), (II), and (III), respectively. The Mössbauer spectrum of the sample prepared by method (I) consisted of broad lines and hyperfine field for magnetite lower than that typically reported for the bulk material.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2009
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