Morphology-Controlled Synthesis of Flowerlike ZnO Nano/Microstructures and Their Photocatalytic Property

Authors: Wen, Meiwang; Yang, Beifang; Yan, Hongwei; Fu, Zhengping; Cai, Chuan; Liu, Kaipeng; Chen, Youjun; Xu, Jiao; Fu, Shengquan; Zhang, Shuyuan

Source: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 9, Number 3, March 2009 , pp. 2038-2044(7)

Publisher: American Scientific Publishers

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Abstract:

Flowerlike ZnO nano/microstructures (FZNM) have been synthesized on glass substrates by a simple hydrothermal method. The as-prepared samples are composed of many radially oriented nano/submicron rods, which are single crystalline with a hexagonal structure and grow along the [001] direction. The diameter of ZnO nano/submicron rods ranges from 20 nm to 1 m. With prolonged reaction time, the number of the nano/submicron rods of each ZnO flowerlike will decrease, while further prolonged reaction time, the amount increase actually. The reaction time is one key factor to control the sizes of the rods and the morphology of flowerlike structures. The possible growth mechanism has been discussed and proposed. A preliminary study on photocatalytic property of as-synthesized flowerlike structure reveals that morphology and size significantly influenced the photocatalytic activity for a solution of methylene blue (MB). Moreover, it is found that the annealed product exhibited higher photocatalytic performance.

Keywords: FLOWERLIKE; MORPHOLOGY; NANO/MICROSTRUCTURE; PHOTOCATALYTIC; REACTION TIME; ZNO

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.392

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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