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Tribological Properties of Epoxy+Silica Hybrid Materials

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Abstract:

Various amounts of nano size silica particles prepared by a sol–gel process were added to epoxy+amine systems. We have investigated tribological properties including friction and sliding wear resistance of hybrids so obtained, and also relationships between different tribological properties and surface topography. The thermal degradation behavior and thermal stabilities were determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The introduction of silica into bisphenol-A type epoxy resins does not affect significantly char formation in the epoxy resins; relatively small improvements in thermal stabilities is seen. At the same time, results from a pin-on-disc tribometer show that silica addition causes lowering of friction already at 1 part per hundred (phr) and very significant lowering of wear at 2 or more phr. We have found finer waves of the worn surface in the hybrids than in the neat epoxy. SEM results demonstrate that the silica particles improve the wear resistance by hindering crack propagation.

Keywords: EPOXY NANOHYBRIDS; EPOXY THERMAL STABILITY; FRICTION REDUCTION; POLYMER TRIBOLOGY; SILICA NANOFILLER; WEAR REDUCTION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.368

Publication date: 2009-03-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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