Nanostructured Silicon Containing Materials Derived from Solid State Pyrolysis of Sililated Polyphosphazene Derivatives

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Abstract:

Pyrolysis of the silicon-containing polymer {(NP[O2C12H8])0.5[NP(OC6H4·SiMe3)2]0.5−x [NP(OC6H5)·(OC6H4SiMe3)]x}n (1) (x = 0.13), (2) (x = 0.3), and (3) {(NP[O2C12H8])0.5[NP(OC6H4SiMe2Ph)2]0.2·[NP(OC6H5)(OC6H4SiMe2Ph)]0.3}n in air at 600 °C, 800 °C and 1000 °C results in the formation of nanostructured SiP2O7, along with P4O7. The morphology as well as the size and shape of the nanostructures is observed to depend on both the mole fraction of silicon, the polymer precursor and the temperature of the pyrolysis. The first observation of nanotube formation using polyphosphazenes as a template, was noted during pyrolysis of the precursor (1) at 600 °C. The surface morphology of the Si or SiO2, studied by AFM, depends strongly on the crystallinity of the wafer surface used during deposition. Regular lance or point-like structures were obtained from SiP2O7 deposited on SiO2 from its precursor (2). The unique formation of micro and nanostructured SiP2O7 is discussed and a mechanism of the formation of the nanostructured materials is proposed.

Keywords: CHARACTERIZATION; NANOSTRUCTURED SILICON MATERIALS; PYROLYSIS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.376

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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