Synthesis of KNbO3 Nanorods by Hydrothermal Method

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Abstract:

Potassium niobate (KNbO3) nanorods were prepared from Nb2O5 powder by hydrothermal synthesis in KOH solution at 180 °C for 48 h using sodium dodecyl sulfate surfactant. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction as well as scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The KNbO3 nanorods were shown to have orthorhombic crystal structure and were 100–300 nm in diameter and up to 5 m long. The addition of surfactant changed the product morphology from agglomerated particles to nanorods. A possible mechanism for the formation of the KNbO3 nanorods is briefly discussed.

Keywords: HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; KNBO3 NANORODS; SURFACTANT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.C180

Publication date: February 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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