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Cellular Behavior Change of Macrophage After Exposure to Nanoparticles

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Abstract:

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are few of the nanoparticles used clinically. When MNPs are delivered into human body, they are ingested by macrophages. We evaluated the cellular response of macrophage after MNPs loading. In face of stimulation by lipopolysaccharide, a strong stimulant derived from bacterial cell wall, MNPs loaded macrophage exhibited decreased phagocytic activity and decreased generation of cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1β whereas increased nitric oxide generation was noticed. Although these changes might decrease bactiericidal activity, it also alleviates the risk of senses, a life threatening phenomenon in infection patients. The finding has significant implications on nanoparticle based targeted drug delivery.

Keywords: MACROPHAGE; MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.C163

Publication date: 2009-02-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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